(Making of Handkerchief)
Definition : Self Finishing edges of fabric is done, so as to prevent the edges from unraveling and fraying.
- Take a cotton fabric and prepare a handkerchief of mentioned dimensions:
- Make a second fold and press by maintaining half inch fold width. You can do the used of draping pins to hold the folds ,if required.
- Construct seam at the edge of both the adjacent sides.
- Repeat the same process with a pair of remaining two sides.
- Don't forget to secure the seam edges by using back- tack lever.
- Finally a self edge finished "handkerchief" is ready.
- Take two pieces of fabric with a length of about 7'' * 4"
Flat Felled Seam
Definition Flat Felled Seam : Flat felled seam is a seam with great strength, therefore it is mostly used in knitted sports wear.
- Construct a plain seam by maintaining seam allowance half inch.
- Invert the piece up side down and press open the seam.
- Cut the margin fabric of one side, leaving 1/8th of an inch from the first seam.
- Cut two main swatch samples of 7" * 4".
- Also cut a straight strip of contrast fabric measuring 7" * 1"
- Centre fold and press the strip lengthwise.
- Fold the strip by joining it's lengthwise edges together.
- Now place the strip on the edge of one of the main swatch along the length 7" by joining edge of piping with the edge of swatch. You can also choose to apply draping pins.
- Construct a seam maintaining an equal distance, don't forget to secure the edges.
- Now invert the swatch upside down and place on the other main swatch. You can use draping pins to hold the fabric together.
- Sew upon or a bit inwards from the earlier seam.
- Choose two pieces of contrast colored swatches.
- Cut two piece measuring 7'' *3"
- Cut contrast fabric strip of 7" * 1.5" and overlock it from the edges along the length.
- Using a stitch regulator increase the stitch length of the machine.
- Construct a Superimposed Seam/Plain seam with the two alike pieces by using a "Basting seam".
- Press open the seam allowance to their respective sides.
- Do not back tack the edges and keep the swatch aside.
- Now mark a line at the middle of another contrast fabric with the help of marking chalk.
- Place the marked strip of fabric below the bigger swatch sample in such a way that the marking should align the seam.
- Sew at either side of the seam line with a contrast fabric underneath.
- The wider the distance you choose to sew from the basted line the bigger will be the exposure of contrast fabric from underneath. But there is a limitation, you can't sew beyond the over lapping.
- Now the process is been completed and it is the time to remove the basting, using a seam ripper.
- Take a swatch measuring 7" * 5".
- Cut a straight strip measuring a little more than 7" * 1.5" (The width of the strip my vary depending upon the designing required).
- Place the strip right side down on the right side of the fabric.
- Now apply a seam, at not more than quarter centimeter.
- Fold the strip towards the wrong side of the main swatch and pin along the first seam, by giving a small fold at the edge.
- Apply a seam from the right side.